Physical and Mechanical Properties of an Artificial Aggregate Made up of Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag

Keywords: Artificial aggregate, cold bonded, ground-granulated blast-furnace slag, palletization, waste materials


Manufacturing artificial aggregate by utilizing waste materials has gained great importance as the aggregate occupies a high volume in concrete (60–70%). In this paper, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) is utilized in aggregate manufacturing. Cold bonding and sintering methods were used as production processes. The pellets were put through a series of tests like dry density, specific gravity, water absorption, and crushing strength. The results indicated that the density of pellets increased by increasing the GGBFS dosage while the water absorption capacity was reduced. Furthermore, the highest crushed strength was recorded at 50% addition of GGBFS.


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Author Biographies

Mais A. Ibrahim, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Mais A. Ibrahim is a lecturer at the department of Civil Engineering, faculty of Engineering, Cihan University-Erbil. She got the B.Sc. Degree in Civil Engineering, the M.Sc. degree in Civil Engineering, and the Ph.D in Civil Engineering. Her research interests are Construction Materials, Civil Engineering Materials, Building Materials, Construction , and Concrete Technologies.

Nihat Atmaca, Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep 27310, Turkey

Nihat Atmaca currently works in Department of Civil Engineering, Gaziantep University. His main research areas are LCA of constructions, Concrete Technology, Construction Materials, Fracture Mechanics, Artificial Neural Network, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence

Adem Atmaca, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep 27310, Turkey.

Adem Atmaca is an associate professor in the department of Energy Systems Engineering in The University of Gaziantep, Turkey. He obtained his PhD in Mechanical Engineering department in the same university in 2014. His study covers the efficiency improvement and pollutant reduction in cement industry. He has been studying on the life cycle assessment of residential and commercial buildings in Turkey recently.


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How to Cite
Ibrahim M, Atmaca N, Atmaca A. Physical and Mechanical Properties of an Artificial Aggregate Made up of Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag. cuesj [Internet]. 25Aug.2023 [cited 26Feb.2024];7(2):26-0. Available from:
Research Article