Cihan University-Erbil Scientific Journal <p>Cihan University-Erbil Scientific journal (CUESJ) is a biannual academic journal published by the Cihan University-Erbil. CUESJ a periodical journal publishes original researches in all areas of Science, Engineering and Technology. CUESJ is a Peer-Reviewed Open Access journal with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). CUESJ provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of research articles without requiring a subscription to the journal, and has neither article processing charge (APC) nor article submission charge (ASC). CUESJ applies the highest standards to everything it does and adopts IEEE citation/referencing style. CUESJ Section Policy includes three types of publications; Articles, Review Articles, and Letters. CUESJ has a print-ISSN: <a href="">2519-6979</a>. It is a member of the ROAD with e-ISSN: <a href="">2707-6377</a> and a member of the Crossref with a doi: <a href="">10.24086/issn.2519-6979</a>.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.<br>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.<br>3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</p> [email protected] (Prof. Amjad Sabir Al-Dalawi) [email protected] (Prof. Salah I. Yhaya) Sat, 01 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Impact of Textiled-Poly Bags as Economic and Environmentally Friendly Recycled Fibers on Mechanical Features of Soil <p>Newly, the utilization of polypropene for packaging consumer products was populated significantly, which might make ecological problems. So, it is substantial to detect environmentally friendly techniques to recycle these waste substances without causing any environmental risks. One such technique could be the utilize poly wastes as stabilizer agents for soils. In the current investigation, textiled-poly bags (TPB) have been recycled and fabricated to be economy and environmentally-friendly fibers. The impact of utilizing different proportions and lengths of these fibers on the mechanical features of clayey soil has been evaluated. The investigation depended on four different fiber-proportions (1, 2, 3, &amp;4)% of soil weight in two different lengths (1&amp;2) cm. Geotechnical experimental test consequences demonstrated that the recycled fiber pieces minimize the optimum dry density (ODD) and the corresponding optimum water content (OWC) of the treated soil samples. Additionally, there was a notable increment in the uniaxial compression test results of the treated soil samples. Moreover, the consequences of California Bearing Ratio tests showed that the utilization of recycled TPB fibers in clayey soil samples enhances the resistance and deformation performance of the soils specially when utilizing 4% of recycled TPB fibers for both lengths (1 &amp; 2) cm.</p> Heba A. Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 10 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Clinical Prediction of Blood Parameters Associated with Breast, Colon, Thyroid, Ovarian, and Prostate Cancer <p>Cancer is a cellular change caused by uncontrolled cell growth and division. This disease develops from the growth of abnormal cells that have the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between blood parameters (e.g., <em>Mean corpuscular volume</em> (MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), <em>Haemoglobin</em>&nbsp;(HGB), White&nbsp;B<em>lood</em>&nbsp;Cell&nbsp;(WBC), and Red&nbsp;<em>Blood</em>&nbsp;Cell (RBC)) and different types of cancer. Breast cancer, thyroid gland cancer, ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, brain tumors as well as other types of cancer are based on the cell of the tissue found on or in the body. Any of these types of cancer are associated with a variety of health issues that put the patient's life in danger. Performing the complete blood count (CBC) test prior to or after a cancer diagnosis is necessary as abnormalities in the body can cause blood component rates to either increase or decrease, depending on the type of cancer, the patient's physiological mechanism, and the structural component. Since the CBC test belongs to hematology, drawing a blood sample and putting it into the anticoagulant tube for testing were preferred. In this study, the blood components of almost all patients were normal except for a few of them which may be due to other medical and biological factors. There is a significant relationship between blood parameters and cancer types.&nbsp;</p> Ali J. Muhialdin, Zaenah Z. Alamri, Ali M. Hussein, Rahman K. Faraj, Zhala B. Taha, Mohammed M. Hussein, Zeena M. Ameen, Naz R. Majeed, Maryam A. Ameed Akramc, Mohammed I. Jameel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 20 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Opinion and Awareness of Citizens on the Commitment of Bakers, Butchers, and Food Sellers to Health Instructions and their Application during COVID-19 Outbreak <p>Many countries follow the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) by practicing physical gathering avoidance as one health measure to decrease COVID-19 the spread. The current study identifies the opinions and awareness of citizens about the commitments of workers (bakers, butchers, and food sellers) to health instructions and prevention. This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in different premises in Kurdistan Region-Iraq from 20.9.2021 to 20.4.2022 using online platforms and printed forms. The study included socio-demographic characteristics, citizens' opinions, and commitment related-questions. A thousand copies were collected and analyzed. The results showed that the majority of citizens have positive opinions and awareness and agreed that workers (bakers, butchers, and food sellers) are committed to COVID-19 regulations. There was a significant correlation between the variables of opinions and awareness of the commitments of workers to the prevention of COVID-19. All professional workers have a good obligation to prevention from COVID-19 so that the population in the Erbil city has accepted those workers to deal with food and meat and with complete prevention from Covid-19. These perfect commitments of workers to prevention may help to break down the chain of COVID-19 infection which consequently reduces mortality and morbidity rate.</p> Yaseen Galali, Kareem F. Aziz, Hazhar T.A. Blbas, Ahmed Aj. Jabbar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 30 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Applying the Bayesian Technique in Designing a Single Sampling Plan <p>&nbsp;The Bayesian sampling plans for production inspection are considered a technique of sampling inspection techniques for determining the characteristics of the sampling plan based on the assumption that the rate of defectives is a random variable that varies from one production batch to the next, resulting in a probability distribution f(p) that could be determined based on experience and the available quality information available. As part of this study, the parameters of a single Bayesian sampling plan (n,c) were derived by using the Beta-Binomial distribution and compared with those of other single sampling plans.&nbsp;Researchers have identified (ALA company for soft drinks), which handles product quality control. 120 production batches were selected, and the size of the batch and the number of defective items were used to determine the proportion of defective items, given that the variable varies randomly from one production batch to the next. Bayesian and decision-making models can be implemented to create a single sampling inspection process that is close to the actual quality level. The researchers discovered that when the decision-making model was used, the sample size was minimal compared to other inspection plans, leading to a low inspection&nbsp;cost.</p> Dler H. Kadir, Abdul Rahim K. Rahi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 05 Aug 2023 15:01:07 +0000 Physical and Mechanical Properties of an Artificial Aggregate Made up of Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag <p>Manufacturing artificial aggregate by utilizing waste materials has gained great importance as the aggregate occupies a high volume in concrete (60–70%). In this paper, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) is utilized in aggregate manufacturing. Cold bonding and sintering methods were used as production processes. The pellets were put through a series of tests like dry density, specific gravity, water absorption, and crushing strength. The results indicated that the density of pellets increased by increasing the GGBFS dosage while the water absorption capacity was reduced. Furthermore, the highest crushed strength was recorded at 50% addition of GGBFS.</p> Mais A. Ibrahim, Nihat Atmaca, Adem Atmaca ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 25 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Electromagnetic Field Pollution Level Measurement for Mobile Phone Networks at Cihan University-Erbil <p>The health effects by impact of radio-frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMF) have become of increasing concern. We conducted a Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) study and measurements of wireless and mobile phone networks to evaluate the hazard of RF radiation limit. Our measurements have been carried out at different locations on the campus of Cihan University – Erbil. The RF strength level measurement of a base station on site was done by using spectrum analyzer with a dipole antenna and Electro Magnetic Field detector (EMF) application in the handsets for mobile networks, then comparing our measurements with the international slandered SAR’s levels.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Adil H. Mohammed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 25 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 On Generalized Recurrent Finsler Spaces of Higher Order with Berwald’s Curvature Tensor <p>In this present paper, we introduced a Finsler space Fn which projective curvature tensor K^i_ijkh satisfies the generalized five recurrence property with respect to Berwald’s connection parameters G^i_kh, we have derived some theorems and some identities along with few more related results in a recurrent and generalized 5-recurrent Finsler space with Berwald’s curvature tensor field.</p> Salem Saleh, A. M.A. Al-Qashbari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 20 Sep 2023 05:28:44 +0000