Cihan University-Erbil Scientific Journal <p>Cihan University-Erbil Scientific journal (CUESJ) is a biannual academic journal published by the Cihan University-Erbil. CUESJ a periodical journal publishes original researches in all areas of Science, Engineering and Technology. CUESJ is a Peer-Reviewed Open Access journal with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). CUESJ provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of research articles without requiring a subscription to the journal, and has neither article processing charge (APC) nor article submission charge (ASC). CUESJ applies the highest standards to everything it does and adopts IEEE citation/referencing style. CUESJ Section Policy includes three types of publications; Articles, Review Articles, and Letters. CUESJ has a print-ISSN: <a href="">2519-6979</a>. It is a member of the ROAD with e-ISSN: <a href="">2707-6377</a> and a member of the Crossref with a doi: <a href="">10.24086/issn.2519-6979</a>.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br>1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.<br>2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.<br>3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</p> (Prof. Amjad Sabir Al-Dalawi) (Prof. Salah I. Yhaya) Mon, 06 Feb 2023 06:38:40 +0000 OJS 60 Age of women as a parameter Affecting CA-125, TSH and CBC <p>One of the Cancer’s antigens is the CA125, which is a protein antigen, found at excessively high levels in females characterized with ovarian cancer. It is suggested for ovarian cancer screening of women that are at higher risk to get the disease, despite its limited sensitivity and specificity. This study is conducted to identify possible correlations between CA125 and TSH levels with parameters of hematological origin among women of different ages. This study included 44 healthy looking females. Most but not all patients were from Erbil. The study revealed that, CA125 and TSH levels were not associated. Also, the elevation of the CA125 levels in the females could be related to other non-cancerous factors such as menstrual cycle, or postmenopausal. Also WBC parameters and Hb levels were not affected by CA125. The only parameter that was affected by CA125 elevation was RBCs. The research recorded a significant difference of RBC between patient group and control group. Also recorded, no difference to be considered as an indication related to the difference in women age.</p> Muhsin H. Ubeid, Ameena S. M. ‎ Juma, Tanya ‎ S. Salih, Shilan S. Kamel, Shakir M. Al-Awqati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Full-Smart Intermittent Water Supply Monitoring, Managing, and Distributing System Based on IoT <p>Water supply scarcity has become a serious problem for many countries and cities, especially in the last few years when there has been less rain in many areas. So, managing, monitoring, and distributing the water supply and consumption of the people has become an urgent task for many local and national governments. Monitoring how the water is used by the population in different regions helps a lot in the more efficient management of the water supply, thus helping in solving the water scarcity problem. The proposed system includes continuous water level monitoring of wells and storage reservoirs in the city, as well as continuous monitoring of the daily water consumption needs of each household in each neighborhood based on a group of criteria such as the number of residents, the area of green space, and the temperature of the air. This is followed by a fair amount of water being automatically distributed at regular periods to each consumer based on the estimated total amount of water. This is done through smart water meters, remote actuation of valves, and remote water pumps based on IoT devices, which are all under the supervision of a web-based system. Moreover, an application has been developed for use by consumers so that they can monitor their water consumption, be informed about the next water distribution time and the amount of predicted water, check the water meter status, check the air in water pipes, and water bill inquiry and payment.</p> Mohammed M. Ahmed, Abdulqadir I. Abdullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Architecture Students Self-Report Wellbeing Assessment Based On Quality Learning Environment in Design Studio <p>Higher education students’ difficulties, especially students in architecture education lead students to health problems. The design studio is the heart of architecture education and students spent most of their time with staff. Students tend to do various activities in the studio such as demonstrating, model-making, drawing, and lecturing. Therefore, the learning environment in the studio should attract students to spend most of their time in the studio happily. This research focused on a mixed method to assess the relationship between students’ wellbeing and the quality learning environment in the design studio. The students’ self-report assessment for the wellbeing situation has been used that depends on students experience in the design studio. For this reason, architecture design studios at private universities in Erbil city have been selected as a case study. The statistical program SPSS has been used to test hypotheses and analyze data. The findings of this study represent the significant positive relationship between students’ wellbeing and the quality learning environment in the design studio. Furthermore, the study illustrates the significance of the quality learning environment in the design studio and its role in the development of the student’s wellbeing.</p> Ashti Y. Hussein, Faris A. Mustafa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Inhibition of Rac 1 Protect Against Platelet Induced Liver and Kidney ‎Injury in Diabetes Mellitus <p>Diabetes mellitus both (Type 1 and Type 2) are one of the common causes for activation of platelet. Inflammation-induced abnormal platelet function contributes to chronic complications, which are the leading causes of death and morbidity among diabetics. Rac1 has been shown to regulate a variety of platelet functions; predicted Rac1could regulate platelet release of CXCL4, which leads to kidney injury in Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes mellitus' effect on Rac1 activation, a 21kD G-protein implicated in platelet activation, was investigated and platelet induced inflammation and kidney injury. Swiss albino male mice were pretreated with 5 mg/kg of a specific Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 and injected with (45 mg/kg body wt.) streptozotocin, twice for five days. Moreover, the concentration of serum chemokines CXCL4 were assayed using ELISA and histology score for kidney were examined. Our results showed that Diabetes mellitus was induced in mice by streptozotocin. In addition, platelet chemokines (CXCL4) were markedly higher in diabetic mice when compared to the sham (control) group. Moreover, pretreatment with NSC23766 decreased liver and kidney injury assessed by histology score, <em>P-value</em> &lt;0.05. Our study reveals that Rac1 has a critical role in platelet chemokines secretion due to diabetes-induced inflammation in the liver and kidneys, targeting Rac1 could be a target for innovative treatment to control inflammation in diabetic individual. Targeting platelets involved in inflammatory pathways could be part of a strategy in order to control and manage diabetes and its consequences.</p> Rundk A. Hwaiz, Helen J. Sabri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000