The Opinion and Awareness of Citizens on the Commitment of Bakers, Butchers, and Food Sellers to Health Instructions and their Application during COVID-19 Outbreak

  • Yaseen Galali Food Technology Departments, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, ‎Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq‎, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Technology, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5346-4755
  • Kareem F. Aziz Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, ‎‎44001 Erbil, Iraq‎ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3195-9199
  • Hazhar T.A. Blbas Statistics Department, College of Administration and Economics, Salahaddin ‎University- Erbil, Iraq‎ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5760-3019
  • Ahmed Aj. Jabbar ‎Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Erbil Technical Health and ‎Medical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, 44001, Iraq‎ https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9689-4018
Keywords: Bakers, COVID-19, food sellers butchers, preventive measurement commitment

Abstract

Many countries follow the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) by practicing physical gathering avoidance as one health measure to decrease COVID-19 the spread. The current study identifies the opinions and awareness of citizens about the commitments of workers (bakers, butchers, and food sellers) to health instructions and prevention. This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in different premises in Kurdistan Region-Iraq from 20.9.2021 to 20.4.2022 using online platforms and printed forms. The study included socio-demographic characteristics, citizens' opinions, and commitment related-questions. A thousand copies were collected and analyzed. The results showed that the majority of citizens have positive opinions and awareness and agreed that workers (bakers, butchers, and food sellers) are committed to COVID-19 regulations. There was a significant correlation between the variables of opinions and awareness of the commitments of workers to the prevention of COVID-19. All professional workers have a good obligation to prevention from COVID-19 so that the population in the Erbil city has accepted those workers to deal with food and meat and with complete prevention from Covid-19. These perfect commitments of workers to prevention may help to break down the chain of COVID-19 infection which consequently reduces mortality and morbidity rate.

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Author Biographies

Yaseen Galali, Food Technology Departments, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, ‎Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq‎, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Health Technology, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Yaseen Galali  is a visiting assistant Professor  at the Department of  Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Technology  Cihan University-Erbil. He got the B.Sc. from Salahaddin University-Erbil, the M.Sc. degree from University of Plymouth. His research interests are in Functional Food, nutritional epidemiology and human nutrition.

Kareem F. Aziz, Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Hawler Medical University, ‎‎44001 Erbil, Iraq‎

Kareem F. Aziz is a prof. at Hawker Medical University/College of  Nursing /He obtained B.Sc degree from University of Baghdad, his M.Sc degree  from University of Mosul in community health, PhD degree  from Hawker Medical University in community health. His research interests are community health and prevention diseases.

Hazhar T.A. Blbas, Statistics Department, College of Administration and Economics, Salahaddin ‎University- Erbil, Iraq‎

Hazhar Blbas is a lecturer in Statistics Department in College of Administration and Economics at Salahaddin University Erbil. He gained master degree scholarship in Applied Statistics at University of Central Florida in the United States. His research interest is apply statistics.

Ahmed Aj. Jabbar, ‎Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Erbil Technical Health and ‎Medical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, 44001, Iraq‎

Ahmed Aj. Jabbar is an academic teacher and a researcher at the department of Medical laboratory technology, Erbil Technical health and medical college, Erbil Polytechnic University. He is interested in researching in the field of Biochemistry, phytochemistry, and natural products.

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Published
2023-07-30
How to Cite
1.
Galali Y, Aziz K, Blbas H, Jabbar A. The Opinion and Awareness of Citizens on the Commitment of Bakers, Butchers, and Food Sellers to Health Instructions and their Application during COVID-19 Outbreak. cuesj [Internet]. 30Jul.2023 [cited 26Feb.2024];7(2):11-6. Available from: https://journals.cihanuniversity.edu.iq/index.php/cuesj/article/view/879
Section
Research Article