Out-of-class English Practicing

Students of Private Universities in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region as a Case Study

  • Zhakaw H. Ahmed Department of Business Administration, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Wrya I. Ali College of Arts, Department of Translation, Salahaddin University,Erbil, Iraq
Keywords: Communication, Formal language, Informal language, Out of class English language use


Research in Second/Foreign language learning indicates that using English outside of the classroom is an essential part of the language learning process. However, certain studies have been cared out on university-level EFL students indicate that students use English minimally when outside of the classroom. This study furthers the research on English use outside of the classroom to more fully understand out-of-d all types of language learners and the link between language proficiency and out-of-class English language use. For methodology, three private universities in Erbil are concerned. The tools that are used in this study is a questionnaire and also interview. Validity and reliabilities are regarded here. The aims are to investigate the use of of-out-of class activity type that promotes using English and even their attitudes toward the benefits of using English outside of class. Research explores some recommendations to English language departments in the three universities which are helpful for the students’ language proficiency, the research also provides some suggestions for further studies.


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How to Cite
Ahmed, Z., & Ali, W. (2021). Out-of-class English Practicing. Cihan University-Erbil Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(1), 7-15. https://doi.org/10.24086/cuejhss.v5n1y2021.pp7-15