Oral Participation in Class, Problems, and Solutions

A Case Study of the English Department at Cihan University-Erbil

Keywords: Class interaction, Communicative competence, English foreign language classes, Learner’s autonomy, Oral participation


In this paper, the focus is on oral participation during lectures. Oral participation refers to the active engagement of learners in the lecture by speaking, asking, giving comments, and participating in pair or group discussions. The students are supposed to participate and practice the language to improve their speaking skills. The main question in this study is: Why students do not speak and engage during lectures? Hence, the aim of the paper is to find out the factors that affect their performance. In this study, the researcher examined the main reason behind the lack of participation of English Foreign Language students in the English department at Cihan University-Erbil to find solutions for improving their speaking skills. A questionnaire was prepared based on the most common reasons affecting class engagement and it was divided into four sections: Personal factors, the role of the teacher, environmental factors, and linguistic factors. The participants were students at the English department at Cihan University-Erbil. After conducting the questionnaire, the researcher had an interview with the students and their teachers. The results showed that there are many reasons and factors that hinder learners from speaking and turn them into passive listeners. The personal factors and the effect of the teachers were the most prominent factors that had an impact on the learner’s performance.



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Author Biography

Israa B. Azeez, Department of English, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Israa B. Azeez is an Assistant Lecturer at the Department of English, College of Arts and Letters at Cihan University-Erbil. She got the B.A. degree in English Language, the M.A. degree in English Language and Linguistics. Her research interests are in English language teaching, Linguistics and semantics, and pragmatics.


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How to Cite
Azeez, I. (2023). Oral Participation in Class, Problems, and Solutions. Cihan University-Erbil Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(1), 126-131. https://doi.org/10.24086/cuejhss.v7n1y2023.pp126-131