The Expectations of Generation X & Y for Balancing Life and Work

Keywords: Work-life balance, human resources, 80s and 90s generation, workforce, organizational structures


After observing the decline of organizational structures in government administrations and the reduction of their human resources, this phenomenon became associated with the opening of job opportunities to confront the ongoing unemployment in Iraq. Despite the significance of this driving force, a strategic outlook necessitates identifying and improving these structures to align with the new roles of governmental institutions. This research aims to gain a better understanding of achieving work-life balance, which was sought by the generation of the 1980s and 1993s when they assumed job positions. Work-life balance is defined as the optimal ratio between the time an individual spends at work and the time spent outside of the workplace. The researchers utilized a sample of 300 participants born between 1980 and 1993 to conduct a survey that addressed various aspects of their current and future expectations regarding work-life balance. The findings indicate that this generation expects flexible working hours and is open to remote work opportunities. Overall, it appears that this generation places a significant emphasis on attaining the ideal work-life balance.


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Author Biographies

Mustafa J. Issa, Department of Business Administration, College of Management and Economics, University of Baghdad, Baghdad – Iraq

Mustafa J. Issa is a lecturer Department of Business Administration, College of Management and Economics, University of Baghdad, Baghdad – Iraq. His research interest is Business Administration issues.

Qusay H. Al-Salami, Department of Business Administration, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Qusay Alsalami is an assistant professor at the Department of Business Administration, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. His research interests are: Business Administration, Orperation Research and Computer science.

Ali J. Al Awqati, Department of Accounting, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Ali J. Al Awqati is an assistant lecturer at Department of Accounting, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. His research interests are Business Administration and Economics.


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How to Cite
Issa, M., Al-Salami, Q., & Al Awqati, A. (2023). The Expectations of Generation X & Y for Balancing Life and Work. Cihan University-Erbil Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 7(2), 123-130.