Influence of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Lifestyles and Eating Behavior of Cihan University Students
Recent studies found that a city confinement as a result to Covid-19 outbreak resulted on eating and lifestyle behavior changes. This study investigated the influence of lockdown on eating and life style changes. A cross-sectional study was done from December 18, 2021, to February 20, 2022. The research composed of three parts. Part I (6 questions) contained socio-demographic statues; section two (11 questions) studied dietary behavior through that included) a Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence using 14-scaled items with an MD screener tool ranging from 0 to 13; and section three (12 questions) studying lifestyle habit changes such as physical activity, sleeping habits, and smoking habits. The results showed that, 17% (63) of individuals that believed their lifestyle had improved, while 38.6% (143) stated it had worsened. Specifically, during lockdown, the physical activity frequency seems reduced from 50% (185) to 33% (127), and sleeping hours for those sleeping more than 9 hours were dramatically raised from 17% to 31.4%. In terms of eating habits, 36.8% of participants stated appetite improvement, whereas 22.7% reported a decrease. The appetite change during confinement was not connected with body mass index, although it was significantly associated with weight change (p =0.0001). Similarly, 47% of participant said they had gained weight. The data also showed that 67% (248) medium adhered to MD diet. Thus, the Covid-19 lockdown has negatively affected both lifestyle and eating behavior of the students.
T. P. Velavan and C. G. Meyer. The COVID-19 epidemic. Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 278-280, 2020.
I. Imaz-Aramburu, A. Fraile-Bermúdez, B. S. Martín-Gamboa, S. Cepeda-Miguel, B. Doncel-García, A. Fernandez-Atutxa and A. Irazusta. Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the lifestyles of health sciences university students in Spain: A longitudinal study. Nutrients, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 1958, 2021.
Y. Galali. The impact of COVID-19 confinement on the eating habits and lifestyle changes: A cross sectional study. Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, vol. 9, pp. 2105-2113, 2021.
A. B. Moynihan, W. A. P. van Tilburg, E. R. Igou, A. Wisman, A. E. Donnelly, and J. B. Mulcaire. Eaten up by boredom: Consuming food to escape awareness of the bored self. Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 6, p. 369, 2015.
C. Rodríguez-Pérez, E. Molina-Montes, V. Verardo, R. Artacho, B.García-Villanova, E. J. Guerra-Hernández and M. D. Ruíz-López. Changes in dietary behaviours during the COVID-19 outbreak confinement in the Spanish COVIDiet Study. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1-19, 2020.
C. Rodríguez-Pérez, E. Molina-Montes, V. Verardo, R. Artacho, B.García-Villanova, E. J. Guerra-Hernández and M. D. Ruíz-López. Changes in dietary behaviours during the COVID-19 outbreak confinement in the Spanish COVIDiet study. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 6, p. 1730, 2020.
G. Muscogiuri, L. Barrea, S. Savastano and A. Colao. Nutritional recommendations for CoVID-19 quarantine. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 850-851, 2020.
K. A. Patte, R. E. Laxer, W. Qian and S. T. Leatherdale. An analysis of weight perception and physical activity and dietary behaviours among youth in the COMPASS study. SSM Population Health, vol. 2, pp. 841-849, 2016.
L. Zhang and Y. Liu. Potential interventions for novel coronavirus in China: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 479-490, 2020.
L. Di Renzo, P. Gualtieri, G. Cinelli, G. Bigioni, L. Soldati, A. Attinà, F. F. Bianco, G. Caparello, V. Camodeca, E. Carrano, S. Ferraro, S. Giannattasio, C. Leggeri, T. Rampello, L. Lo Presti, M. G. Tarsitano and A. De Lorenzo. Psychological aspects and eating habits during covid-19 home confinement: Results of ehlc-covid-19 Italian online survey. Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 1-14, 2020.
S. K. Karim, P. H. Taha, N. M. M. Amin, H. S. Ahmed, M. K. Yousif and A. M. Hallumy. COVID-19-related anxiety disorder in Iraq during the pandemic: An online cross-sectional study. Middle East Current Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 1, p. 55, 2020.
Copyright (c) 2022 Yaseen Galali, Salih M.S. Zebari, Kazhin Younis, Zainab Rizgar, Nareen Sidiq, Brwa Taha
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).