A Study on the Perceptual Relationship between Overtime and Output

Case Study of Knowledge University

  • Yazen N. Mahmood Department of Business administration,Knowledge University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Manaf B. Raewf Department of Banking and Financial Sciences, Cihan University-Erbil, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Zaid S. AL- Hamadany Department of Accounting, Knowledge University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Overtime, People Productivity, Skills, Extra Hours, Private Universities


The overtime is an extra effort to ensure that the job or duty is completed. In private universities, overtime is needed to cover all hours of the courses and this may affect in a good or bad way on the lecture "depending on the number of extra hours".  This research highlights the importance of overtime and how it affects the performance of private universities. The (SPSS) program has been used to analyze the data. 34 questionnaire papers were obtained out of 40 have been distributed on employees at Knowledge University. The study found that there is a strong relationship between employees' Productivity and factors (Wages, Environment and Health, Job content and IT skill). Moreover, there is a weak relationship between Employees' Productivity and factors (Work Arrangement, Stress–Satisfaction).


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How to Cite
Mahmood, Y., Raewf, M., & AL- Hamadany, Z. (2019). A Study on the Perceptual Relationship between Overtime and Output. Cihan University-Erbil Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(1), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.24086/cuejhss.v3n1y2019.pp27-31