HIV, HBS and HCV in Dump Site Workers of Erbil Governorate

  • Muhsin H. Ubeid Department of General Biology, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Tanya S. Salih Department of General Biology, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Ameena S. M. Juma Department of General Biology, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Dumpsite workers, HIV, HBS, HCV


This research targeted eighty-nine males working in Kany Qrzhala, dumpsite. Age and gender comparable apparently healthy subjects were selected as healthy controls, and both of the groups were obliged to fill the study's questionnaire. Further, venous blood samples were collected from each individual for serum collection. The accumulated sera reserved for the sero-prevalence for antibodies tests of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Hepatitis C Virus, (HIV), (HBS), (HCV) respectively. The automated immunoassay analyzer Cobas E411 facilitated the conducting of the mentioned tests. The serum concentration of HIV and HBS antibodies of dumpsite workers revealed a significant increase when compared to the healthy group, while the HCV antibody serum concentration presented no significant alteration when comparing dumpsite workers to the healthy controls. The antibodies presence in the sera that belonged to workers is an indicator of exposure to the viruses due to unsanitary health conditions. This may pose a public health risk to the workers themselves, in addition to the people they are in contact with, including their families.


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How to Cite
Ubeid M, Salih T, Juma A. HIV, HBS and HCV in Dump Site Workers of Erbil Governorate. cuesj [Internet]. 30Sep.2021 [cited 19Apr.2024];5(2):20-3. Available from:
Research Article

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