The Full Factorial Design Approach to Determine the Attitude of University Lecturers towards e-Learning and Online Teaching due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Keywords: COVID-19, Faculty Members, Factorial Design, e-Learning, attitudes

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine faculty members' attitudes toward online learning in Kurdistan region universities. The study examined the biographic and personal characteristics of the lecturer towards e-learning. The data was collected among faculty members at Cihan University-Sulaimaniya, and to analyze the data, a full factorial design with five main factors at two levels and no central points was applied for this specific purpose. The study's findings indicated that there was no significant relationship between gender and lecturer attitude towards e-learning. In comparison to teachers with an MSc degree, those with a PhD have a more negative attitude toward e-learning. Furthermore, full-time faculty members have a greater positive effect on teachers' attitudes than part-time lecturers. Likewise, the results indicate that lecturers who earned their most recent education degrees outside of Iraq have a more favorable attitude. Similarly, lecturers in the sciences are more favorable to e-learning than those in the arts and social sciences. In addition, the findings demonstrated that the interaction factors (Gender) and (Education Degree) have a negative effect on lecturers' attitudes when they are combined. Besides that, the interaction of factors (Country of Last Education Degree) and (Faculty Member Types) improves attitudes toward e-learning. Based on the results, it is suggested that academic staff receive e-learning training to deepen their knowledge and understanding of such a modern teaching system. There is also a need to enhance factors related to positive attitudes towards e-learning among university lecturers. The findings of this study are necessarily significant to both teachers and educational organizations in Kurdistan Region universities.

 

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Author Biographies

Nozad H Mahmood, Department of Business Administration, Cihan University Sulaimanyia, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

I was awarded a B.Sc. in statistics from the University of Salahaddin in 2003. I also received my master’s degree in statistical computing in 2013 from the University of Central Florida (UCF) in the USA. My research interests are in Multivariate Statistics, High Dimensional Regression, Variable Selection, Design of Experiments, Statistical Computing, and Categorical Data Analysis.

Dler H. Kadir, Department of Statistics, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, Department of Business Administration, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

I was awarded a B.Sc. in Statistics from the University of Salahaddin in 2002. I also received a M.Sc. degree in applied statistics at Sulaymaniyah University in 2007. I was awarded a PhD from Sheffield University in 2018. My research interest in Bayesian inference, MCMC, Statistical Modeling, Quality control charts and Time series analysis

Hawkar Q. Birdawod, Department of Business Administration, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

I was awarded a B.Sc. in Statistics from the University of Salahaddin in 2002. I also received a M.Sc. degree in applied statistics at Sulaymaniyah University in 2007. I was awarded a PhD from Salahaddein University in 2016. My research interest in Missing data , Image Process and Statistical Modeling,

 

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Published
2022-02-10
How to Cite
1.
Mahmood N, Kadir D, Birdawod H. The Full Factorial Design Approach to Determine the Attitude of University Lecturers towards e-Learning and Online Teaching due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. cuesj [Internet]. 10Feb.2022 [cited 28May2022];6(1):20-5. Available from: https://journals.cihanuniversity.edu.iq/index.php/cuesj/article/view/561
Section
Research Article